Moore, Mignon R. 2012. “Intersectionality and the Study of Black, Sexual Minority Women.” Gender and Society 26 (1): 33-39.
Work with Black gay women, notes primacy of race, sexuality, then womanhood for case study, Zoe Ferron. Gender as raced. “The white people were Barbie, and I am not Barbie. I didn’t even feel like a Barbie” (34). Zoe notes how race and sexuality marked her inability to fit the idealized gender type, through childhood and even into adulthood. Sexuality as a prominent identity/social location that stands alongside race, class, and gender.
Second edition of BFT conceptualizes sexuality in three ways:
- “as a free-standing system of oppression similar to oppressions of race, class, nation, and gender;”
- “as an entity that is manipulated within each of these distinctive systems of oppression;”
- and, “as a social location or conceptual glue that binds intersecting oppressions together and that helps demonstrate how oppressions converge” (34, see also PHC 2000, 134-35)
In Black Sexual Politics: African Americans, Gender, and the New Racism, PHC classifies heterosexism as a system of power similar to racism; “each of these conceptualizations reveals the ways intersecting oppressions rely on sexuality to mutually construct one another” (34).
Though gay sexuality has been moving to a forefront of mainstream politics and discourse, most focus has been on white, middle-class subjects.
Hancock (2007): Intersectionality as a theoretical argument and an empirical approach to research
McCall (2005): “intracategorical” research – research focusing on groups that lie at center of mutual sites of intersectional social categories, such as Black lesbians. Though multiplicatively positioned, ideologies, identities, social systems, and inequalities work together to create a framework for understanding selves and statuses within these categories.
Simultaneous pressures for respectability and sexual autonomy, based upon sociohistorical expectations of Blackness, class, gender, sexuality, as well as new developments in each – gets pretty complicated
Hancock, Ange-Marie. 2007. “When Multiplication Doesn’t Equal Quick Addition: Examining Intersectionality as a Research Paradigm.” Perspectives on Politics 5: 63-79.
McCall, Leslie. 2005. “The Complexity of Intersectionality.” Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 30: 1771-1800.