Atkinson, Michael. 2006. “Masks of Masculinity: (Sur)passing Narratives and Cosmetic Surgery.” In Body/Embodiment: Symbolic Interaction and the Sociology of the Body, eds. Dennis Waskul and Phillip Vannini. Burlington, VT: Ashgate. Pgs. 247-262.
Goffman (1963) – “passing” – a critical site of self-management where problematic body issues are negotiated, often through modification of behavior (or even body). Cosmetic surgery often done to correct “deficiencies” – response to what people perceive they’re not. Though they may be stigmatized for engaging in a feminine beauty pursuit – they justify it through the means to gain power in the workplace, through their peers when this is placed at risk through body transgression