Joseph, Nathan. 1995. “Uniforms.” Pp. 182-186 in Dress and Identity, edited by Mary Ellen Roach-Higgins, Joanne B. Eicher, and Kim K.P. Johnson. New York: Fairchild Publications.
Originally printed as: Joseph, Nathan. 1986. “Uniforms.” Pp. 35-39, selection from Uniforms and Nonuniforms: Communication through Clothing. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing.
“The uniform is possible only after an organization has become permanently differentiated from other groups. Organizations also shape sartorial communication by their varying need for identification, the problem of visibility, and the changing requirements of organizational roles” (182).
Organizations must be permanently separate from other entities for uniforms to “work.” Despite strong clothing conformity in other semi-organizational spheres (occupations, interests, etc.), uniforms work to establish differentiation both from other groups and within groups. The uniform one wears dictates a role and its associated expectations – of rank, activity, valor, behavior?